We have completed a conservation Management Plan for the National Trust, covering the probable hillfort at Carl Wark in the Burbage Valley of the Peak District. Carl Wark is an enigmatic site, being a natural gritstone promontory accentuated by stone walling on the south and east sides and a massive turf-built rampart with drystone facing on the easier western approach. The site is generally considered to be a slight univallate hillfort, likely to date to the 1st millennium BC, but its unusual form and an absence of secure dating evidence means that this has always been open to interpretation. Excavations at the fort in 1950 were never fully published, and no clear evidence for the date of the site was produced. Theories for a Neolithic or early medieval origin for the monument have also been postulated, and it is likely that the site’s dramatic appearance and setting would have made it a significant location throughout the history of human activity in the valley.
Our survey was greatly aided by commissioning high quality aerial imagery from Suave Aerial Photographers. These images provide exceptional clarity, and we have used the data photogrammetrically to created a 3D digital model of the site within its landscape. The images will also help with the ongoing monitoring and future management of the site
ArcHeritage designed and managed a year-long Heritage Lottery Fund project based in Sheffield's Castle Market. The aims were twofold: to raise the profile of Sheffield Castle as important heritage resource, and to engage the local community by exploring the recent history of this much-loved market, prior to its closure in autumn 2013.
Trading Histories was a project that everyone could be involved in. Rather than simply focusing on the current building and the ruins that it overlies, we wanted to know about the traders and shoppers that have brought Castle Market to life. We were interested in collecting stories and using them to create a people’s history of Castle Market. As a result, in conjunction with a team of enthusiastic volunteers, we produced a vibrant record of the market through taking photographs, writing poems, drawing pictures, exploring archives and sharing memories.
Listen to 'the bard of Barnsley' Ian McMillan recite 'Garden Eggs and Steam Bananas' with members of the local community:
You can read more about the project at www.sheffieldcastlemarket.co.uk
ArcHeritage were commissioned by East Peak Innovation Partnership to undertake desk-based research, walkover and detailed earthwork surveys at Farnley Mill, Farnley Tyas. The results demonstrate that significant remains of the mill survive, revealing most of the footprint of the mill buildings as well as several standing walls associated with the 1790s mill structure, the wheel pit and the steam engine setting. Other features include a gas holder base associated with a short-lived gas works at the site, well-preserved remains of the water management system, and features associated with managers’ cottages and outbuildings.CLICK HERE to download a PDF version of the report.
We were commissioned by the East Peak Innovation Partnership (EPIP) to provide training on photogrammtery and 3D modelling techniques to local history groups interesting in recording their industrial heritage. We provided a series of four workshops, including the design and use of open source software to create web-based platforms to host the groups' results.
CLICK HERE to download a PDF version of the report.
We have recently produced two 3D animated models of the Rockley Furnace site. This work was commissioned by East Peak Innovation Partnership as part of a wider scheme of digital interpretation in order to help a wide range of people understand how the site operated.
The first model is an animated, digital 3D model of Rockley Furnace showing the operation of the blast furnace during the Cotton-Shore phase. The second model is an animated, digital 3D model of Rockley Engine House showing the operation of the Newcomen-type pumping engine which it housed.
The models are based upon 3D scan data of the furnace and engine house with detailed archaeological survey and historical evidence informing the production of the visualisations.
CLICK HERE for high resolution animated landscape model (.mov)
CLICK HERE for medium resolution animated landscape model (.wmv)
CLICK HERE for lower resolution animated landscape model (.avi)
CLICK HERE for high resolution animated bellows (.wmv)
CLICK HERE for medium resolution animated bellows (.mov)
CLICK HERE for lower resolution animated bellows (.avi)
CLICK HERE for Newcomen-type engine house animation (.mov)
High resolution files may take some time to download. Your ability to view files may depend upon your browser and software.
ArcHeritage have completed a large upland survey project for the RCAHMW as part of the Uplands Survey Initiative at Cwm Prysor. The Cwm Prysor survey area, covering an area of approximately 25 km², is located to the southeast of Trawsfynydd within Snowdonia National Park. The project comprised desk-based assessment and a field identification survey, part of which was undertaken by students of the University of Sheffield as a field school for an MA in Landscape Archaeology.
A rich archaeological landscape, comprised of 1540 sites, was catalogued. The majority of features related to post-medieval agriculture and subsistence as well as early 20th century artillery training. Other features recorded in the landscape included prehistoric hut groups, a cairnfield, numerous post-medieval quarries, mines and peat cuts as well as transport routes varying in date from the prehistoric onwards.
You can find more information about the Uplands Archaeology Initiative here.
We have recently completed an archaeological survey of the historic parkland around Kedleston Hall, commissioned by the National Trust as part of a wider park management plan. The project comprised desk-based assessment, including analysis of LIDAR and aerial photographs of the registered parkland followed by a field identification survey.
The survey uncovered a medieval landscape comprised of ridge and furrow field systems and traces of the former location of Kedleston village. Further manipulation of the LIDAR data using luminance lensing techniques revealed parts of the early formal park layout that are no longer visible on the ground. In addition the hall, associated buildings, gardens and church were also assessed.
More information about Kedleston Hall can be found on the National Trust web site.
ArcHeritage were commissioned by Kirklees Metropolitan Council to undertake an assessment of the archive relating to William Varley’s 1939-1972 excavations at Castle Hill, Almondbury, Huddersfield. The assessment was required to provide an understanding of the level of information contained within the artefactual material, drawings, photographs and documentary material, and the potential of the archive to contribute to the comprehensive publication of the excavations.
The assessment identified gaps in both the paper archive and the finds record. To supplement Varley’s archive, recommendations have been made for further work to be undertaken on some of the artefactual material. It is also intended to contribute to a new research agenda for the site, including the potential for further archaeological investigations and the dissemination of information to the wider public. Recommendations have, therefore, also been made for further fieldwork using modern archaeological methods and recording techniques.
Some additional information can be found on the Kirklees Council website.
ArcHeritage were commissioned by English Heritage to undertake detailed archaeological analysis of 3D laser scan data of the Stonehenge monument. 850 gigabytes of data had been collected by the Greenhatch Group in 2011. ArcHeritage developed innovative luminance lensing techniques to examine the surfaces of the stones for new prehistoric rock carvings, and for information about the working of the stones during construction and development of the monument.
ArcHeritage worked with Dr Hugo Anderson-Whymark (University of Liverpool), Dr Mike Parker-Pearson (formerly University of Sheffield, now UCL), Dr Colin Richards (University of Manchester), Dr Rob Ixer (consultant) and colleagues from the Conservation Laboratory of York Archaeological Trust. The new analytical techniques developed for this project have significant potential for future research into prehistoric monuments and the identification of previously undiscovered rock art.
Download the full report, published by English Heritage.
A detailed summary of the project can also be found in the November/December issue of British Archaeology Magazine.
The Silkstone Waggonway was created in several phases between 1809 and the 1830s. The initial stretch, which was owned by the Low Moor Iron Company, was extended by the Barnsley Canal Company from the Barnby Basin to Silkstone Cross. Several Private Waggonways were attached to this, forming a transport system which extends for nearly 10km from Barnby Basin. Tunnels, bridges, pass-bys and the bed stones themselves attest to this feat of engineering. ArcHeritage have conducted a survey of all the historic features along the route, with help from the Roggins Local History Group. (For more information click here).
We have also conducted a thorough map-regression and geo-located historical maps to analyse the phases of the waggonway and answer research questions posed by the Roggins Local History Group.
CLICK HERE to download a PDF version of Report Vol 1 (text, plates & figures)
CLICK HERE to download a PDF version of Report Vol 2 (gazetteer and geophysical survey)
CLICK HERE to download the gazetteer (EXCEL format)
CLICK HERE to access a folder of photographs, as listed in the full gazetteer
Archeritage were commissioned by EPIP to undertake a survey of the furnace at Rockley which has stood since 1704, and has reputedly been used for a range of activities from refining pig-iron, to producing cannon for the Napoleonic War. We have conducted a laser scan survey of the furnace and its environs and are working closely with the South Yorkshire Industrial History Society, including teaching them a range of survey techniques.
This survey has produced wonderfully detailed 3D images of the Furnace and the nearby Engine House, which housed a Newcomen Steam Pump to remove water from the nearby ironstone mine. The survey compliments our desk-based assessment which has shown there is likely to have been a mill in the area that became disused before the furnace was built.
CLICK HERE to download a PDF version of the report
You can find more information on East Peak Innovation Partnership here
ArcHeritage have recently completed excavations at Waterdale, Doncaster and discovered the remains of a Roman cremation cemetery. The data from the work is still being analysed, but initial studies suggest that this represents the largest site of its kind in South Yorkshire. Some beautiful artefacts were recovered, including locally-made ceramic cremation urns, a first century AD glass vessel and oil lamps, deposited as grave goods.
The project was managed by URS Scott Wilson on behalf of the client, MUSE Developments. The site, in the heart of Doncaster, is being developed as a new Civic Square and New Performance Venue.
An Open Day organised by ArcHeritage, the South Yorkshire Archaeology Service, Doncaster Tourism and Doncaster Museum, attracted over 1100 visitors.
We have completed a large upland landscape survey project for the new Eastern Moors Partnership, formed between the National Trust and the RSPB to manage the Eastern Moors Estate on the edge of the Peak District. The estate covers an areas of 25 square kilometres of beautiful heather moorland, woodland and the famous gritstone edges which attract climbers and walkers from all over the country. It is an exceedingly rich archaeological landscape which includes four stone circles, the dense remains of prehistoric settlement and agriculture, millstone quarrying, stone extraction, WWII training areas and numerous medieval and later routeways. Deposits of peat also contain valuable palaeoenvironmental evidence.
Our survey catalogued almost 7000 archaeological features which now form a GIS which the Eastern Moors Partnership can use and update. Our report provided a suite of landscape recommendations which take into account the complex sensitivities of both ecological and archaeological management requirements.
Archeritage have been commissioned by Michael McCoy, Archaeological Consultant, to conduct a full metric survey of the Sanderson’s Darnall works, Sheffield. This range of buildings is a Scheduled Ancient Mopnument, and one of the most important industrial structures in the country; it contains a unique surviving example of a 48-hole crucible furnace shop.
Due to the complexity of the structure and the detail required for the English Heritage level 4 survey, we decided to laser scan the complex, completing the entire onsite survey in 2 days. The laser scan data was then used to produce plans, elevations and cross-sections providing a complete record of the buildings and their current condition.
ArcHeritage have been commissioned by Michael McCoy, Archaeological Consultant, to complete a full laser scan of Staveley Hall and gardens. From this extensive survey Archeritage will also produce a digital model of the house at its peak of development in 1680. This once grand residence has had several phases of demolition and only a fraction of the original house remains.
We have been able to gain an understanding of the evolution of this stately residence from the 14th century through to the present day by combining our laser scan survey data with historical documents contained in the British Library and the archaeological excavations taking place on the site. The digital 3D model of the house is under construction; preliminary results are revealing the true scale and grandeur of this house.
ArcHeritage are proving specialist input into an ongoing project at the ruins of Sheffield Manor. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned at this medieval site in the 1570s. The University of Sheffield is currently undertaking archaeological research at the site, and as part of this ArcHeritage are providing 3D visualisations illustrating the development and decline of this important monument. These 3D models will form the basis of an interactive presentation located in the visitor and education centre.
This work was commissioned by the University of Sheffield for a project led by the Department of Archaeology at Sheffield Manor Lodge and funded by the Higher Education Innovation Fund.
Archaeological recording was undertaken at the 12th-century Cistercian monastery of Roche Abbey. In 1774 the Abbey’s grounds and structures were landscaped by Capability Brown to create a picturesque ‘ruin’. The Abbey is in the guardianship of English Heritage, and archaeological recording was undertaken during improvement works to the public access in and around the site.
ArcHeritage carried out a programme of building recording at the former Osborn Mushet Works in Sheffield. The Art Deco-inspired building was built in 1943 and retained many features of its war-time heritage, including air raid shelters and lookout posts. The whole building was constructed in three separate parts, each with its own service facilities so that in the event of partial bomb damage the factory would have been able to continue production in the remainder of the site.
The baths were built in 1937 employing the latest thinking in municipal bath design and hygiene, and incorporating a range of art deco architectural features and motifs. The main pool housed a spectacular hyperbolic arched roof, balconies and a concert stage. The complex represents a good example of an integrated interwar baths and public hall, designed and built by a local authority. ArcHeritage carried out a programme of building recording at the rochdale Leisure Centre prior to its redevelopment' into the beginning of the Rochdale project.
This magnificent building has what is said to be the largest country house façade in the UK. An extensive programme of refurbishment is breathing new life into the house and gardens. ArcHeritage conducted archaeological recording during the refurbishment works.
ArcHeritage led a multi-disciplinary team to undertake an assessment of the medieval site of Padley Chapel and the ruins of its associated hall. The project assessed the historical development, archaeology, ecology, architecture and structural stability of the ruins, and provided recommendations for the long-term management of the site.
We are currently contributing to the restoration of the Shepherd Wheel in Sheffield. This rare building was an 18th-century water-powered grinding workshop, used for the production of knives and other edge tools. Sheffield City Council have secured HLF funding for the complete refurbishment of the site. We have recorded the historic structure and are designing materials for on-site interpretation. We are also conducting an oral history project to record memories of the site before it closed in the 1930s.